How to Establish Buffalo Grass
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How to Establish Buffalo Grass

How to establish Buffalo grass is something that interests everyone due to the beautiful scenery it offers. This article has important information that can lead to effective establishment of buffalo grass and how to actually establish buffalo grass.

How to establish Buffalo grass is something that interests everyone due to the beautiful scenery it offers. This article has important information that can lead to effective establishment of buffalo grass and how to actually establish buffalo grass.

Introduction to Buffalo Grass

Before looking on how to establish buffalo grass, you need to know something about this type of grass. Buffalo grass forms the main turf of the mid southern part of USA. It is found on the Great Plain which stretches from Montana to Mexico. Its name comes from the fact that it served as food for the buffaloes for a long period of time. It forms the main covering of the Texas state especially the central parts and going to the western side to El Paso as well as to the northern side where lies the High Plains and Rolling Plains.

How to Establish Buffalo Grass: Adaptations of Buffalo grass

One of the characteristics which make the buffalo grass quite popular is the fact that it is resistant to drought conditions and it gives very beautiful natural scenery. This is something you need to know as a part of how to establish buffalo grass. It can survive in a range of climatic conditions which range from low temperature to higher ones. It does best in clay soils which could be deep or light. The grass is not favored with the sandy environment thus it is not popular in the east of Texas which is characterized by the sandy soils. In addition to that, the grass is also rare in the southern part as the area has a high rainfall.

If you plant the buffalo grass in areas which are highly irrigated or have high rainfall and well fertilized, the grass will commonly be chocked with weedy grasses such as the Bermudagrass. Generally the grass does well in rainfalls which are 15 to 30 inches in a year or sometimes which it gets thorough but less frequent water from irrigation. The grass is not favored by areas which are under shades or have heavy traffic or where the weedy grasses grow as they will tend to replace the buffalo grasses quickly.


Where does The bufallo Grass Thrive well? 

The common areas you will find the grass comfortably growing include the open lawn areas, school grounds, by the road sides, and on golf course roughs. The grass will be perfect if planted with some of the Texas wildflowers as the grass produces an open thin tuff that will not require frequent mowing and will give you the best native landscape. The initial inhabitants of the Great Plains who were farmers used the buffalo grass sod to make their houses. You could use the grass for erosion control, serve as extensive pastures, and maintain some site parks, schools and hospitals. Planting meadows of this grass gives very beautiful blue grey coloring to the grass.

How to Establish buffalo grass using Sods

If you want to establish the buffalo grass, you could do so using either the burs which are essentially the seeds and the sod. If you use seeds the grass will develop into patches of female and male plants, which will in turn produce the seedstalks which you will not sight easily. When it comes to planting the sod, the female plants are selected as they produce shorter seedstalks. Some of the common female plant selection includes the Prairie and NE 6090 grasses. There two were released in 1990 by the Nebraska and Texas Agricultural experiment stations and they can only be established either by the sod or sod plugs.

How to Establish buffalo grass using Seeds

If you settle to use seeds to establish the buffalo grass, you will need to consider the seeding rate, date of seeding and the seed treatment. If you use the treated seeds, you will have to chill them for 6 to 8 weeks or treat them chemically in order to break dormancy. This will give them higher rates of germinating which normally ranges from around 80% to about 90% as compared to the untreated seeds which will have lower chance of germinating that normally stands at around 20%. April and May is normally the best time you should plant the treated seeds as the temperatures and moisture content will generally be more suited. If you use irrigation, the planting season could be extended to be between July and August. This is how to establish bufallo grass form seeds at times called burs.


How to establish Bufallo Grass: Treated and untreated seeds

Using fall planting of the untreated buffalo grass seeds will also be effective but will only have maximum germination in spring. Treated seeds take between 7 to 9 days to germinate provided that there is sufficient moisture to support the germination process. Otherwise, the seeds will remain dormant until the time when there will be favorable moisture content and the seeds will then germinate. If you plant the seeds during dry conditions, ensure you drill an inch into an already made seedbed. If you result to broadcasting the seeds, they may germinate during the period with no or little subsurface moisture content which would support the young seedlings to continue growing.

How to establish Buffalo Grass: Seeding process

The seeding rate you use will vary from 0.5 to 6 pounds per 1000 square feet depending on the method of planting you go for and the time available for the plants to form a cover. If you plant more seeds, they will take a shorter time to form a cover and the vice versa is the truth. Drilled seeding will consume lesser seeds as compared to broadcasting but the later is faster and easy. If you drill 10 to 20 pounds of the buffalo grass seeds per acre of land, the seeds will then take only one growing season to forms a complete cover.

How to establish Buffalo Grass: Moisture requirements

This will be so if the soil has favorable moisture content. Broadcasting 1 to 2 pounds per 1000 sq. ft. will take a number of seasons to form a full cover without irrigation. On the contrary, with adequate moisture, broadcasting 4 to 6 pound of the buffalo grass seeds for the same area will take several months to form a cover.


How to establish Buffalo Grass: Management of the Buffalo Grass

Finally, for easy management of the buffalo grass, it is advisable to plant this grass in areas which require less use of turf this turf grass. The grass will not withstand areas where the use is high. Weeds must be controlled during establishment season as the grass does not quickly produce a dense turf and may be overwhelmed easy. Mowing will vary depending on where it is planted both in terms of the mowing levels and durations. For instance, irrigate fairways of a golf course you could mow at 1 inch weekly while 2 to 3 inches are recommended in lawns. Do no or little fertilization especially the nitrogen one as the buffalo grass does not need much fertilizer.

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