Ohio the Buckeye State the 17th State Admitted to the Union
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Ohio the Buckeye State the 17th State Admitted to the Union

Ohio is the Buckeye state and is a great state to visit. Ohio is rich with Indian lore and geography.

Ohio was the 17th state admitted to the Union on march 1, 1803. In terms of size it is the 34th largest state and it’s capital is Columbus. The name Ohio derives from the Iroquois for ohi-yo and means great river. It is called the Buckeye State and it’s state tree is the buckeye, hence the name. It’s state bird is the beautiful cardinal, a beautiful red bird native to the state. It’s state flower is the red carnation, it’s motto is “With God all things are possible”. It’s state song is “Beautiful Ohio”. It holds 18 seats in the U.S. House of Representatives and has 20 electoral votes making it a key state for elections.

Geographically speaking Ohio has Lake Erie on its northern border, the Ohio river defines part of the southern border, Pennsylvania is to it’s east, Michigan to the northwest, Ontario, Canada is to it’s north, Indiana is to its west, Kentucky is to the south and West Virginia is to the southeast. It’s major rivers are the Cuyahoga, Great Miami, Maumee, Muskingum and the Scioto. It’s major cities are Akron, Canton, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Dayton and Toledo. Ohio is in Tornado Alley and it’s summers are hot and humid while the winters tend to be cool to hold.

Historically Ohio has an interesting American Indian background. It was inhabited by nomadic people from about 13,000 B.C. From After that it was inhabited by the Adena Culture, the Hopewell people, the Fort Ancient people and the Whittlesey Focus people, All these tribes were Native American. Other Indians indigenous to Ohio are the Miamis, Wyandots, Delewares, Shawnee, ottowas, Mingos and the Eries. The Iroquois claimed Ohio for haunting and beaver trapping. Ohio has been the sight of 3 major massacres, the Yellow Creek, the Graden Hutten, and the Pontiac’s School rebellion massacres.

In the 18th century the French set up trding post in order to control the fur trade. In 1754 France and Great Britain fought in the French & Indian War, or the Seven Years War. In the Treaty of Paris the French ceded control of Ohio to Great Britain who then, after the American Revolution, Great Britain ceded to the U.S. In 1787 the U.S. created the Northwest Territory, including Ohio, where slavery wasn’t allowed.

Ohio contributed more soldiers per-capta in the Civil War than any other state. A total of 35,000 died during this bloody conflict. By the end of the Civil War 3 great Generals had hailed from Ohio, Ulysses S. Grant, William Tecumsah Sherman and Phillip Sheridan. Ohio was one of the homes of the Underground Railroad and also home to Harriet Beecher Stowe and John Brown. A total of 7 Presidents were born in Ohio, Grant, Hayes, Garfield, Harrison, Mckinley, Taft and Harding. Other famous Ohioans are the Wright brothers, Neil Armstrong, John Glenn and Thomas Edison.

Ohio is definitely hone to some great sports teams. In baseball the first fully professional team was the Cincinnati Red Stockings originated in 1869. They have the Cincinnati Reds iand the Cleveland Indians in baseball, the Cincinnati Bengals and the Cincinnati Browns in football, the Cleveland Cavaliers in basketball, the Columbus Blue Jackets in hockey and the Columbus Crew in Soccer. Speaking of greats they also have the second oldest zoo in the U.S. the Cincinnati Zoo. It is also home to Goodyear, the Football and Rock & Roll Halls of Fame, Procter & Gamble, Macy's and Chiquita.

Ohio is a beautiful state with close proximity to a lot of historical places to visit that are rich with Indian lore. Geographically it’s just a hop right over to several nearby states and Lake Erie and Canada are just right there to see and enjoy.


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